Woodblock printing, one of the
oldest known printing methods, is also referred to as woodcut printing. This
printing technique was widely used by many artists until the 20th century. In
this method, a wooden
printing block is used to transfer the image onto the fabric.
What is Woodblock Printing?
Woodblock printing is based on the principle of
carving the desired image or shape onto a smooth wooden surface and then inking
and printing it in a raised form. It is considered an original method of
painting and drawing, and it is the oldest high technique. It is known as an
art with many challenging steps.
In woodblock printing, the image that needs to be
transferred onto any surface is carved onto a flat area of the wood. The areas
that need to remain white in the image are carved deeper. The raised image is
then inked and transferred onto a surface such as fabric or paper.
What is a Woodblock Printing Block?
Woodblock printing is a traditional art form that
involves transferring patterns onto fabric through the use of materials like
wooden blocks, brushes, and pens. To achieve the best results when printing on
fabric using woodblock techniques, three important factors come into play: the
fabric, the paint, and the woodblock printing block.
choice of fabric is crucial to ensure that the paint does not bleed and adheres
successfully to the surface. Therefore, it is important to select the right
type of fabric. Cotton fabrics are often preferred for woodblock printing.
paint used should be of suitable quality and compatible with the chosen fabric.
printing block is the most important tool for practicing the art of
woodblock printing. This block is shaped by carving it with a specialized
knife, essentially creating a motif.
Things to Consider When Choosing Woodblock Printing
The selection of woodblock printing blocks for
the wood carving process should be done carefully. A hard and irregularly
shaped wood would be difficult to shape and create a smooth printing surface.
Woodblock printing blocks are made from wood that is suitable for carving,
thanks to its durable structure and texture. Some examples of such woods
include pearwood and boxwood.