Woodblock printing, also known
as wood printing or xylography, is among the oldest known printing techniques.
Until the 20th century, many artists used this method to create artistic works.
It is preferred for designs can be easily transferred to the wood printing mold
with the help of simple materials.
What is Woodblock Printing?
printing is a painting technique with a special method. It is
a method of painting made using a wooden printing templet. Woodprinting
requires a tree with a flat surface. After the picture is drawn on the tree,
the surplus parts of the wood are cut.
In the excavation painting
style using woodblock patterns, all the lines that make up the painting are
carved on the woodblock plate high above the ground. Thus, protrusions are
formed on the tree surface. These protrusions are painted with ink and printed
on paper. The tree must be drawn upside down on the block, as the image will
reverse the view.
Wood printing method is among
the first printing techniques. The method, which was found and developed in
China, became widespread in Europe, especially in the 15th and 16th centuries.
What are the Features of Wood
Wood print is unique in many
ways. Here are the features of wood printing:
• Thanks to the prints made on
natural materials, each block has its own unique design.
• Color intensity is unique.
Pictures printed on wooden blocks may turn yellow. Although it is not water or
heat resistant, it helps to maintain its quality for a long time.
• It is practical, easy to
• It is possible to display
wood prints in various ways. It can be applied on both fabric and accessories.
• It is durable. Wood prints
are extremely flexible and durable. It can be used for decorative purposes.
How to Apply Woodblock Printing?
First of all, it is necessary
to obtain woodblock materials. In order to apply the materials, a wood block
with a flat surface should be preferred. The desired picture can be drawn on
the wood block. It can be painted in the desired color. The places other than
the picture drawn on the block are cut with the help of a cutting tool. After
the cutting process is finished, ink is applied to the picture obtained. It is
pasted on a suitable piece of paper. This process takes the trace of the rem on
the wood. The pattern on the paper should not be removed straight. It should be
removed upside down. Therefore, one has to draw the picture upside down. This
is an issue that needs attention.
Woodblock art requires blocks
from cherry, sycamore, pear and beech trees. The woods preferred for printing
should have a soft structure. It is important for wood printing that they have
a smooth and soft structure. Although ink is used in woodcut art, today paint
is used for woodblock printing. The paint is fed into the wood print with the
help of a sponge. After this process, wood printing is done on fabric or